TRANSFORMATION & A short history of the founding of the Salvation Army

As Booth said: ‘The people must be fed, that their life’s work must be done or left undone forever.’

By Richard Cavendish | Published in History Today Volume: 62 Issue: 8 2012 

“Along with the mission went practical charity work to deal with poverty and homelessness. As Booth said: ‘The people must be fed, that their life’s work must be done or left undone forever.’ The Army organised shelters to get the homeless, the sick and prostitutes off the streets and ran its own emigration bureau. When Catherine died of cancer in 1890 the Army had almost 100,000 soldiers in Britain. Today it has 1.5 million in 125 countries.’

“William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, knew that you must improve people’s lives before they would listen to the Good News and be involved in sharing it. He famously intoned: ‘The people must be fed, that their life’s work must be done or left undone forever’.”

Read a short but insightful history of the Salvation Army by Richard Cavendish at …

MANAGEMENT & The Three Eras of Leadership Management: A Brief History #HarvardBusinessReview

Commentary by Dr. Whitesel: “As my students know, leadership management has gone through three phases which McGrath calls 1) execution, 2) expertise and 3) empathy. Execution (c. 1650-1920) was the “scientific management” or “Theory X” of Adam Clarke and Frederick Taylor. It had little regard for the worker and only cared about the company. Many companies and churches still operate that way today. The second era of management (c. 1920-1955) is sometimes called “Theory Y,” where the expertise of the leader is valued. Leaders got their MBA degrees and this was supposed to equate to better leadership. But research by Finke and Starke (Churching of America, Rutgers Univ. press) has shown that with church leaders education does not usually lead to better leadership. This is because leaders often don’t apply what they are learning, as they learn it. This is why at Wesley Seminary all of our homework assignments are practical assignments that are applied that week in a ministry. The third era (c. 1955-present) according to McGrath is the era of empathy or what has been called servant or transformational leadership. This indicates sensitivity a) to the worker, b) to the market, c) as well as empathy for people around the world. Called “Theory Z” in keeping with previous nomenclature by Alexander Hill in his book Just Business, I prefer the more descriptive term Transformational Leadership – where leadership transforms for the better: a person, a market and the world. See my chapter on this in Foundations of Church Administration (BeaconHill Publishers, 2009). It is this last type of empathetic leadership that best models the type of leadership that Jesus exemplified.”

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DIVERSITY & A Conversation about Sharecropping, Racism, and the Gospel


Conversation with my wife’s grandmother, Daisy, had been cordial and mostly forgettable…until she started talking about her childhood as a sharecropper.

My wife, my son, me and Ms. Daisy had been driving in the car on our way back from Kansas City, Missouri after spending Easter with my in-laws. A surge of wakefulness knocked me out of highway hypnosis as we entered the last two hours of our ten hour journey. The flat plains of the Mississippi Delta melted into a blur as we whisked past soybean fields and one-stoplight towns like Transylvania, Sondheimer, and Talla Bena.

Cotton Pickin’

The Delta formed an appropriate setting as I asked Grandma Daisy, now in her eighth decade of life, about what it was like growing up in Vidalia, Louisiana, not far from where we were driving. At first she spoke with reticence, holding back a gush of details and memories. ”It was hard for me coming up,” was all she said.

But I persisted. Gently asking questions until her speech started to flow…

…“So how did you feel about the Boss Man and White people?”

“Oh, I hated them.  I really, really did.” She was frowning again, and shaking her head this time.

“I was mad at what they did to us.  I had to walk eight miles to school each way.  Rain, cold, hot, whatever.  The school bus used to pass us by.  We couldn’t ride it because we were Black.  Sometimes there’d be this big ‘ol bus and only two white children riding it.  The bus would pass by close enough to splash water on us, but they wouldn’t pick us up.”

The memories came faster now and she continued.  ”We used to walk by the White people’s houses.  The adults would be sitting on their porches drinking tea, or lemonade, or whatever.  Their kids were playing in the front yard and they’d let their kids throw rocks at us and curse us.  They didn’t say a thing.”

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BIBLE & How Paul Read the Bible

How Paul Read the Bible
by Scot McKnight, 3/13/14

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WOMEN & Leadership

Making America Christian: a forgotten history
by Priscilla Pope-Levison

“I no longer ask the question, Were there any women? Nor do I ask, Where have all the women gone? Now I know, at least in part. They’ve underwritten the legacy of American religion, which, until now, has been overwritten by the lives and legacy of their male counterparts. No more, however. It is time to write women evangelists into the history of American religion because our take on American religion is different—changed—by their ubiquitous presence, their bold initiatives, their fascinating personalities…”

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