Commentary by Dr. Whitesel: Sometimes several students will cite the same outside resource, because it appears near the top of a Google search. Many times this can be a relevant article. But other times, it may not be.
Let me give an example with a hint for student success.
I ask students to find scholarly research that explains the “difference between primary and secondary research.” Usually, a handful of students will cite https://www.thebalance.com (an advertising agency). The advertising agency is not juried (i.e. does not have an editorial board of scholars verifying their explanation is reliable and valid). But, they do correctly identify the difference between primary and secondary research.
Therefore, should students use such a source?
YES: If students are using this source to verify that practitioners agree with scholars on the differences between primary and secondary research. This would be acceptable.
NO: If students are using these practitioners as a source of reliable and valid information in an academic course, a scholarly source should probably be utilized instead.
If you are unsure about a source, find out about their background and if they have scholarly degrees (masters or doctoral) and/or have a scholarly editorial board, they would be considered scholars. (Though there are different levels of scholarship.)
In the example above, students could find out about the ad agency’s background by clicking on the “about us” link: https://www.thebalance.com/about-us. There students could find that while they are practitioners, they’re not scholars (and it’s not juried by an editorial board).
The problem arises because in a Google search for the “difference between primary and secondary research” this link often pops up near the top. However remember, in graduate school (a research-based school) you should not choose an outside source based upon popularity, but based upon scholarship.
While I always try to be gracious and give students some leeway early on in our course, I cannot do so later in the course. Student resources should increasingly be scholarly and therefore for fairness I will usually grade down a little bit more each week for non-scholarly sources.
My students understand that fairness and academic veracity require this. It makes their degree worth more and their learning more valuable.