by Bob Whitesel D.Min., Ph.D., 3/30/17.
Seminaries are so-called “professional schools.” That puts them in the category with Business Schools which offer MBA degrees. In seminaries we typically offer ecclesial-orientated, but similiar degrees: MDiv, MA and DMin. These are professional degrees, which means that the students are usually already engaged in their profession and are honing their skills.
Therefore, students are expected to weekly be “applying” what they are learning to their profession in professional schools, such as business schools and seminaries. For example, in a MBA Business School program a student might investigate how to apply an innovate financial model to their business and report back to their professor the applicability.
Papers should describe application plans.
Seminary is the same way. Students are expected to:
- Take what they are learning each week
- “apply” it to their ministry,
- Then report back to fellow students and their professor.
This is why our end-of-week papers are customarily called “Application Papers,” because they describe how the student would “apply” to their profession what they learned that week.
Discussions also should describe application ideas, not just ask questions.
For students to earn points in professional school discussions, they should do more than just ask questions of the other students. Often times students do this because they see the professor asking questions. However the professor’s role is different: she or he is there to probe the thinking and depth of understanding of the students. Other students can do this as well, but it doesn’t demonstrate to the professor that the student is understand the content. It only demonstrates that the other students can ask questions.
To earn points for discussions in a professional school,
- Students look up research that can help the other students
- Then “apply” that research to the other student’s context.
Here is an example:
A student stated that he thought small groups create intimacy in larger churches. And, he asked a fellow student, who pastored a large church, if this was the case. The large church pastor did not utilize small groups and thus did not reply.
However in a professional school, students do not earn points by asking questions, but by giving application solutions.
Let’s go back to our example. The student’s thesis, that small groups create intimacy in larger churches, is easily supportable from research by various scholars. He could start with the “Reveal Study” that was conducted at Bill Hybel’s church.
So, to earn points for application:
- The student finds research on how large churches can maintain intimacy as they grow. The student might discover that small groups help with this.
- Then the student shares his/her research-supportable findings with fellow students.
- Finally, the student explains (and cites) some “tools” or mechanisms for fostering small groups in a large church environment. Results are …
- The large church pastor would benefit from the application insights in the “tools” suggested.
- And, the student would demonstrate to the professor that she/he was conversant in scholarly research and application on the topic at hand.