THEOLOGY & Gender Hierarchy in Genesis: Distortions, Not Directives

By Alexis Waggoner, Christians for Biblical Equity, November 03, 2016.

The creation story is an explanation of why things are the way they are. This text, likely written during Israel’s monarchal period, recounts the nation’s origin story. It has similarities to the creation stories of other people groups around the same time, which tells us that the urge to label and understand sin and dysfunction was great.

Just by grasping the intent of the text—to explain humanity’s existence and experience—we begin to see that this story is not prescriptive but descriptive. It was written to help Israel better understand its context. To draw out what it could mean today, in our context, we must look at the larger principles within the text.

I will put enmity between you

When humanity makes a choice to put an end to their perfect relationship with God, the fallout is wholesale. From the “sin story,” we get a picture of broken relationship at every level.

The woman and man’s relationship to creation is cursed (Gen 3:15, 17-18). God promises that there will be discord between the woman and the snake, specifically. The man is promised difficulty in working the ground, being forced to sweat for the food he needs to eat.

Thus, the relationship to work is cursed and the woman is promised her own toil through bearing and delivering children. Additionally, their relationship to God is cursed (Gen 3:19, 23). They are expelled from the garden, God’s constant physical presence is removed from their lives, and they are cursed to return to dust.

But most importantly for our purposes, the relationship between the man and woman is cursed: “your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you” (Gen 3:16). There’s going to be a relational power struggle, and men will rule women through aggression and domination…

The way to the tree of life

The sin story is a story of curses, a story that explains the broken world we live in. The creation story is a story of beauty and ideals. So why do so many of us fight to uphold the system created by sin, and not the system created for human thriving?

Why would we want to live into a curse? Why would we want to use that as our measuring stick?

Not only should this feel wrong to us, it is wrong. Living into the curse and using that to support our cultural structures is the opposite of what Christ is doing, and asking us to do. It’s the opposite of what the Genesis narrative reveals as the ideal expression of creation.

Gender inequality is a curse that leads us back to the dust. Sin explains why we experience it, but we are expected to do all we can to bring creation back into right relationship with each other, with creation, and with God.

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