STUDENT SUCCESS & Research Confirms the Importance of “Interval Studying” Rather Than Cramming

Commentary by Dr. Whitesel: Research cited in The Journal of the Association for Psychological Science points out that it’s important to study at regular “intervals” during a course, rather than cram for a test or a paper right before it is due. Called “interval studying” this research confirms that this leads to better retention and a more satisfied student experience. Read this important research in this article:

Increasing Retention Without Increasing Study Time

by Doug Rohrer1 and Harold Pashler2 (1University of South Florida and 2University of California, San Diego)

ABSTRACT—Because people forget much of what they learn, students could benefit from learning strategies that yield long-lasting knowledge. Yet surprisingly little is known about how long-term retention is most efficiently achieved. Here we examine how retention is affected by two variables: the duration of a study session and the temporal distribution of study time across multiple sessions. Our results suggest that a single session devoted to the study of some material should continue long enough to ensure that mastery is achieved but that immediate further study of the same material is an inefficient use of time. Our data also show that the benefit of distributing a fixed amount of study time across two study sessions—the spacing effect—depends jointly on the interval between study sessions and the interval between study and test. We discuss the practical implications of both findings, especially in regard to mathematics learning.

Read the article here … http://www.pashler.com/Articles/RohrerPashler2007CDPS.pdf