by Bob Whitesel, D.Min, Ph.D., 10/28/15.
I have explained the 6-stages & 5-triggers that lead to groups exiting a church in two books and at these links: GROUP EXIT & Preventing Group Exit During Change and Group Exit Articles. To visualize the critical misstep to which leaders fall prey when they create a “negative legitimizing event,” I have posted below several case-study examples.
These are real stories that demonstrate real situations where the pastor made a misstep and created a “negative legitimizing event.” Though the names are changed, it was because of the conflict that ensued that these churches wound up hiring me to consult for them. They are among many others who have said they were helped immeasurably by seeing the stages and triggers that lead people to exit their churches in groups.
A simple event sequence toward group exit:
- First Church has many Sunday Schools, but nothing for congregants like Brad who work Sunday mornings (Stage 1: Relative Harmony).
- Brad goes to a seminar at another church that explains an exciting new small group program that meets on Sunday evening (Trigger 1: Conflicting Ideas Event).
- Brad goes to Pastor Jerry and explains this new program, and tells how he has recruited his friends and that they will help run it. The pastor sees that this could help the church and responds, “this sounds like exactly what we need.” (Trigger 2: Negative Legitimizing Event, because the pastor has inadvertently given Brad and his team carte blanche and they will move too fast, alarming the status quo.)
- Brad and his friends begin to organize and publicize how they will start this small group program at their church (Stage 3: Change).
- Brad gets the pastor to throw his support behind the program, and the pastor pleads with the congregation from the pulpit to attend this program, saying “even if you have a Sunday School you go to, you need this group too!” (Trigger 3: Alarm Event, because most people already have a Sunday School, which is their small group, and now they are being urged to attend yet another small group.)
Here is how Pastor Jerry could have handled this differently, and create a “Positive Legitimizing Event:”
- Trigger 2 on Route B – Group Retention: Pastor Jerry says, “Brad, this is very interesting. I want you and I to talk to some of the opinion makers in our church about this.” When they do, Pastor Jerry and Brad learn that some people are leery of this program, for they feel Brad and Pastor Jerry in their enthusiasm will make them attend Sunday evening small groups in addition to their Sunday School classes. Pastor Jerry and Brad realize that Sunday Schools are a type of small group, and so they approach the Sunday School attendees by saying: “We want to start a new type of small group on Sunday evening, for people like Brad that can’t make a smaller intimate group like Sunday School in the morning. In fact, we’re going to call them ‘Sunday Evening Sunday Schools.’ Would you help us get the word out and to pray for this?”
- Group Retention: This actually happened to a client church, and now the church has many “Sunday Evening Sunday Schools” and even a growing ministry they call “Wednesday Evening Sunday Schools.”
A more complex event sequence toward group exit:
- Vintage Church has a Sunday morning church service that runs about 40 in attendance, and 15 in a choir. It is a traditional service, with favorite hymns and a standard liturgical structure (Stage 1: Relative Harmony).
- Pastor Mary’s job is to reach out to people under 35. She attends a seminar on Ancient-Future Worship, where ancient elements like liturgy are added to modern elements such as rock music, to create a vintage, yet modern feel (Trigger 1: Conflicting Ideas Event).
- Mary shares her excitement over such a program with the lead pastor, saying “young people like ancient elements wed with modern music. If we can just get the older people at the first service to modify their service some, we can transition their traditional service into something that will attract more people.” Pastor Mike responds, “sounds interesting. Why don’t you go to them and work with them on implementing this idea?” Now, on the surface this seems like a “Positive Legitimizing Event” because Pastor Mike is telling Mary to go to the status quo people and work with them. But, the status quo are loyal to Pastor Mike, and Pastor Mary has never been their shepherd. Thus, when Pastor Mike sent Mary to the status quo instead of himself, he didn’t create the broad support that is needed for a new idea to succeed. (Thus, this was a Trigger 2: A Negative Legitimizing Event).
- Mary tried to make some changes in the traditional service (Stage 3; Change),
- But because Mary didn’t know the older people, she stepped on some toes (Trigger 3: Alarm Event)
- The traditional service attendees began to slow down and even stop Mary’s changes (Stage 4: Resistance).
- Mary got frustrated and shared her frustrations with Pastor Mike, who went to the older service and criticized them for making Mary feel bad. The status quo tried working behind the scenes to get Mary moved back to overseeing just younger people. But, Mary was so hurt in her failure that she resigned (Trigger 4: Polarization Event).
- Both sides blamed the other for Mary’s departure (Stage 5: Intense Conflict).
- Who is at fault? The real person at fault was Pastor Mike, because he didn’t know about the key Trigger 2: the Legitimizing Event, and how to make it a positive event, rather than a negative event.
Here is what Pastor Mike might have said at Trigger 2: Legitimizing Event, to make it a “positive” and not a “negative” event:
- Trigger 2 on Route B – Group Retention: “Mary, I can tell you are excited about this idea. And, I want to ensure it succeeds. Thus, we are going to need to take some time to help the traditional service attendees decide if this is for them. And, even if they decide they want to go this route, there are some power-brokers that we will need to go to and listen to about their concerns. In fact, I will need to go with you, not because I don’t trust you, but because I have been the pastor to these older members. They will be more open to sharing their deepest concerns and opinions with me because of that history.”
- Group Retention: The traditional service attendees decided they did not want to change, but they agreed to pray for and help the church launch a successful new service called: Vintage Faith.