ETHNICITIES & What Census Calls Us: A Historical Timeline #USCensus

by Pew Research, 6/11/15.
AMERICAN CENSUS CATEGORIES FOR RACE & ETHNICITY IN AMERICA.
1790
Free white males,

Free white females,

All other free persons,

Slaves

2010
White

Black, African American or Negro

Some other race

American Indian or Alaska Native

Chinese
Japanese
Filipino
Korean
Asian Indian
Vietnamese
Other Asian

Native Hawaiian
Samoan
Guamanian or Chamorro
Other Pacific Islanders

Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano [+]
Puerto Rican
Cuban
Another Hispanic, Latino, Spanish origin

*The U.S. Census Bureau does not consider Hispanic/Latino identity to be a race. Ethnicity is asked as a separate question. See Chapter 7 of “Multiracial in America” report for more details.

1960 onward: People could choose their own race.

2000 onward: Americans could be recorded in more than one race category on the census form.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Read more at … http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/interactives/multiracial-timeline/